This Web book is based on public domain material provided by the US government and is available in several versions. See the editorial for more information.

Yihe Huree

Literally, "great monastery" or "great camp," founded in the seventeenth century as the residence of the Jebtsundamba Khutuktu (Living Buddha, [q.v.]) and capital of Mongolia in 1911, when it was renamed Niyslel--capital--Huree. Commonly referred to in Western literature as Urga. In 1924 when the state was secularized, the name was changed to Ulaanbaatar, which means Red Hero.

Last Update: 2004-12-29