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Man, Isle of


Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language.
Geography Man, Isle of
Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Geographic coordinates:
54 15 N, 4 30 W
Map references:
total: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 572 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
160 km
Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time
hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Geography - note:
one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
People Man, Isle of
74,655 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 17.4% (male 6,669; female 6,357)
15-64 years: 65.4% (male 24,527; female 24,302)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,128; female 7,672) (2004 est.)
Median age:
total: 39.3 years
male: 38 years
female: 40.8 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.53% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
11.28 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
11.35 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
5.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.05 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
male: 7.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.16 years
male: 74.8 years
female: 81.7 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
1.65 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx
Ethnic groups:
Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
English, Manx Gaelic
definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
Government Man, Isle of
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
Dependency status:
British crown dependency
Government type:
parliamentary democracy
Administrative divisions:
there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
none (British crown dependency)
National holiday:
Tynwald Day, 5 July
unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act, 1961, does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Legal system:
English common law and Manx statute
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Ian MACFADYEN (since 26 October 2002)
election results: Richard CORKILL elected chief minister by the Tynwald
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the Chief Minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 6 December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2006)
head of government: Chief Minister Richard CORKILL (since 6 December 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
Legislative branch:
bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (an 11-member body composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys - last held 22 November 2001 (next to be held NA November 2006)
election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - Man Labor Party 17.3%, Alliance for Progressive Government 14.6%; seats by party - Man Labor Party 2, Alliance for Progressive Government 3, independents 19
Judicial branch:
High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Political parties and leaders:
Man Labor Party [leader NA]; Alliance for Progressive Government [leader NA]; Man Nationalist Party [leader NA]
note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (British crown dependency)
Flag description:
red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
Economy Man, Isle of
Economy - overview:
Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government's policy of offering incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
purchasing power parity - $1.6 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $21,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.6% (March 2003 est.)
Labor force:
36,610 (1998)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%
Unemployment rate:
0.7% (March 2003)
revenues: $485 million
expenditures: $463 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)
financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
3.2% (FY96/97)
Agriculture - products:
cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Exports - commodities:
tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports - partners:
UK (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities:
timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports - partners:
UK (2000)
Debt - external:
Economic aid - recipient:
British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Manx pound
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.6125 (2003), 0.6661 (2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999); the Manx pound is at par with the British pound
Fiscal year:
1 April - 31 March
Communications Man, Isle of
Telephones - main lines in use:
51,000 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
27,490 (1999)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Internet users:
Transportation Man, Isle of
total: 60 km (35 km electrified) (2002)
total: 800 km
paved: 800 km
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Ports and harbors:
Castletown, Douglas, Peel, Ramsey
Merchant marine:
total: 226 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,055,436 GRT/9,972,459 DWT
foreign-owned: Australia 3, Cyprus 4, Denmark 30, Estonia 3, France 1, Germany 57, Greece 8, Hong Kong 11, Iceland 1, Italy 6, Monaco 4, Netherlands 2, New Zealand 1, Norway 10, Singapore 2, Sweden 3, United Kingdom 80, United States 1
registered in other countries: 9 (2003 est.)
by type: bulk 25, cargo 40, chemical tanker 25, combination bulk 2, container 19, liquefied gas 31, multi-functional large load carrier 1, petroleum tanker 59, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 17, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5
1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2003 est.)
Military Man, Isle of
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of the UK
Transnational Issues Man, Isle of
Disputes - international: